17goals 169targets

17goals 169targets

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at a Glance

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to solve global issues such as poverty, inequality, and climate change.
They are made up of 17 goals and 169 targets.

Supervisor

Masahisa SATO,
Ph.D., Professor, Tokyo City University.

References

UNITED NATIONS
Take Action for the Sustainable Development Goals

Supervisor :

Masahisa SATO,Ph.D., Professor, Tokyo City University.

References :

UNITED NATIONS
Take Action for the Sustainable Development Goals

No Poverty

Poverty is more than just a lack of income or not having the livelihood to sustain a sustainable life. Poverty has a deep relationship with a number of issues, including hunger, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination, and disasters. In addition to creating equal employment through economic growth, it is essential to provide economic support and reduce losses from disasters through the enhancement of social security systems and disaster preparedness.

This goal sets targets to end extreme poverty and to ensure that people continue to live sustainable lives.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Eradicate extreme poverty, everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.9 a day.

  • Reduce at least by half the proportion of people of all ages living in poverty.

  • Implement appropriate social protection systems for the poor and vulnerable.

  • Ensure that all people have equal rights to economic resources, including basic services, property, natural resources, technology, and financial services.

  • Build resilience to natural disasters and other economic and social disasters related to climate change.

Zero Hunger

Eating is essential for survival. However, the soil, freshwater, oceans, forests, and biodiversity responsible for growing our food continue to be degraded by human activities and climate change. As the world's overall population grows, we need to reconsider the way we produce, procure, and consume food, and practice resilient and sustainable agriculture and food production in order to provide nutritious and adequate food for all people and continue sustainable development.

This goal sets targets to create a society in which all people have sustainable access to sufficient, nutritious food and can live healthy lives.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • End hunger and ensure access by all people to nutritious and sufficient food.

  • End all forms of malnutrition in children, pregnant women, and older persons.

  • Double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, such as family farmers and pastoralists.

    In developing countries, many small-scale producers live in poverty. Increasing productivity and income will make farming and livelihoods sustainable.

  • Ensure sustainable agricultural and food production systems that maintain ecosystems and improve soil resilience to disasters, while increasing productivity and production.

  • Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds and livestock species in food production and share the benefits from the utilization of them equally.

    Maintaining biodiversity, including plants, leads to sustainable food production.

Good Health and Well Being

There are many things we need to do to ensure for the people living today as well as the new lives who will create the future to be born safely, grow up healthy, and lead to the next generation. This includes safe childbirth, care for newborns and infants, combating horrific epidemics, preventing tobacco and alcohol abuse and the non-infectious diseases they cause, ensuring access to quality essential health-care services, and preventing traffic injuries.

This goal sets targets to build a society in which people live long, healthy lives in relationships with others.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Reduce maternal and neonatal mortality.

  • End epidemics and combat communicable diseases.

  • Deal with non-communicable diseases such as cancer and lifestyle-related diseases.

  • Prevent the abuse of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, etc.

  • Reduce road traffic injuries.

  • Expand access to quality essential health-care services and safe and affordable essential medicines.

  • Reduce death and illness from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution.

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Quality Education

Learning contributes to problem-solving, value co-creation, and improvements in our immediate surroundings and global issues. In order to support sustainable development, it is essential to ensure that everyone has the opportunity for quality education from an early age and throughout their lives. We also should provide opportunities and environments that allow people to acquire basic reading, writing, and calculation skills, as well as high vocational skills.

This goal sets targets for everyone to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for the development of a sustainable society and participate in society.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education.

  • Ensure care and pre-primary education for preschoolers so that they are ready for primary education.

  • Encourage participation in tertiary education (high school or higher in Japan) and vocational training.

  • Increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills for decent jobs and entrepreneurship.

  • Eliminate all forms of discrimination in education, including gender disparities.

  • Ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults achieve literacy and numeracy.

  • Ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development.

Gender Equality

Gender equality is a necessary foundation for a sustainable world, where all people, regardless of gender, can have equal rights and opportunities. However, in the world, many women and girls still suffer from discriminatory practices, laws, physical or sexual violence, such as not being allowed to attend a school or participate in politics because they are women. Providing equal opportunities for education, healthcare, and professions, and promoting women's participation in political and economic decision-making promote gender equality.

This goal sets targets to create a society in which all people can play an equal role in society without gender discrimination or violence.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls.

  • Eliminate all forms of violence and exploitation against all women and girls.

  • Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage, and female genital mutilation.

  • Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work and promote shared responsibility within the household and the family.

  • Ensure women’s full and effective participation in political and economic decision-making and leadership.

  • Ensure women make their own decisions regarding contraceptive use and reproductive health care.

Clean Water and Sanitation

Water (freshwater) is not only necessary for us to drink, but also essential for hygiene such as washing hands and toilets. It is also important for industries, such as agriculture and production, to nurture a variety of life forms and maintain ecosystems. Sustainable development requires clean and efficient use of water from water sources to the river's mouth so that all living things can live in harmony.

This goal sets targets to ensure that all people have access to safe, adequate water and sanitation.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Ensure access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.

  • End open defecation by ensuring adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene.

    Open defecation poses the risk of contamination of groundwater and agricultural products, as well as infectious diseases.

  • Eliminate dumping that leads to environmental pollution and treat wastewater properly.

  • Address water scarcity by substantially increasing water-use efficiency.

  • Protect and restore water-related ecosystems.

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Affordable and Clean Energy

Energy is essential for human beings to live and work culturally. It is used for all kinds of activities, from home cooking and heating/cooling to industry and transportation, but if all our energy needs depend on fossil fuels alone, it will lead to air pollution and accelerated climate change. We must increase the supply and use of renewable and clean energy in order to make life sustainable for all people.

This goal sets targets to ensure that all people can use energy sustainably while continuing to live a quality life.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services like electricity.

  • Increase substantially the share of renewable energy such as solar and wind power.

  • Significantly improve energy efficiency.

Decent Work and Economic Growth

The global economy has continued to grow over a long history. While there are people living in affluence due to economic growth, there are also many people who are stuck in a vicious cycle of poverty due to lack of jobs or low wages even when they do have jobs, creating inequality among people.

This goal sets targets to achieve sustainable economic growth.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Nurture small and medium-sized enterprises and various industries, and create jobs.

    It will create a resilient economy by fostering diverse industries.

  • Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through technological innovation.

    It can shorten the working hours per unit and improve wages.

  • Educate and employ young people who will support the next economic growth.

  • Eradicate forced labor, human trafficking, child labor, and child soldiers.

  • Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments.

    If workers can work for a long time without worries, their families will be stable and the next generation can grow.

  • Expand decent work.

  • Improve global resource efficiency in consumption and production.

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Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Technological progress is the foundation of our efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Technology and innovation can only be developed after the industry is created. In order for industry and people's lives to develop sustainably, infrastructure, such as roads, communications, electricity, and water supply, is essential for life and industry.

This goal sets targets to nurture industry and aim for innovation to achieve sustainable economic growth.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure.

  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and significantly increase the share of manufacturing.

    The manufacturing industry is considered to contribute the most to industrialization because it can generate more employment through the value chain.

  • Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises to financial services.

  • Upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies.

  • Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors.

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Reduced Inequality

While achieving the SDGs requires reducing inequalities and ensuring that no one is left behind, inequality within and among countries has always been a problem for the international community. Although there have been positive developments, such as the expansion of trade preferences that do not impose tariffs on developing countries' exports, and the narrowing of income disparities in some countries, inequities persist, including income, assets, health care, and education.

This goal sets targets to reduce inequality through equal opportunity, equality of outcomes, and the like so that no one is left behind.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Achieve income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population at a rate higher than the national average.

  • Empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all.

  • Ensure equal opportunity for all people through laws, policies, and practices, and reduce inequalities in pay and other outcomes.

  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions.

    It will regulate the economic and financial system so that it does not favor wealthy developed countries.

  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions.

  • Adopt wage and social protection policies, and promote equality

Sustainable Cities and Communities

Cities are the basis of many activities such as education, culture, and commerce, and they have the power to enrich and develop people's lives, but the centralization of the city also causes various problems. Efficient and effective urban planning is necessary for the sustainable operation of safe and comfortable cities that do not place a burden on environment and resources.

This goal sets targets to create sustainable cities.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services.

    Unsanitary and unsafe housing complexes are breeding grounds for epidemics and crime and increase the damage caused by natural disasters.

  • Provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems.

  • Protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.

    It will provide educational materials for history and generate industries as tourism resources.

  • Reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected by disasters.

  • Reduce the environmental impact per capita in cities.

  • Provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces.

  • Adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, holistic disaster risk management.

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Responsible Production and Consumption

We consume and produce regularly in our daily lives and in industry, but resources are finite. Therefore, we must reduce waste and pollution while pursuing sustainable consumption and production by "Doing more and better with less." Companies and consumers must educate themselves on sustainable consumption and environmentally-friendly lifestyles, and work together to co-create a lifestyle that supports the value chain.

This goal sets targets to reduce the use of limited resources and make the best out of them.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.

  • Halve per capita global food waste.

  • Achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil.

  • Substantially reduce waste generation through recycling and reuse.

  • Encourage companies to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle.

  • Ensure that people have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature.

  • Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns.

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Climate Action

Climate change is causing enormous damage, affecting the lives of everyone, and it will be greater in the future than it is today. Greenhouse gas emissions are at an all-time high, and it is highly likely that the average global temperature will rise by three degrees throughout the 21st century. Every 1 degree Celsius increase in average temperature, for example, is estimated to reduce grain yields by about 5%, so measures to mitigate climate change will lead to better and more sustainable development for all people and the planet's ecosystems.

This goal sets targets to mitigate climate change and strengthen our adaptive capacity to climate-related disasters.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters.

  • Integrate climate change measures (especially greenhouse gas emission reductions) into national policies, strategies and planning.

  • Improve education and capacity on climate change mitigation and adaptation.

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Life Below Water

The oceans, which account for 70% of the earth's surface area, store 97% of the earth's water and make the earth habitable for humankind. The weather, the water we drink, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe are all due to the abundance of the oceans. Seafood and other marine resources are the world's largest source of protein for humans. However, the abundance of the oceans and their ecosystems are being harmed by garbage pollution caused by marine plastics, eutrophication, and ocean acidification caused by increased CO2 emission.

This goal sets targets to sustainably use marine resources while protecting the abundance of the oceans and its ecosystems from pollution and acidification.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, including marine debris and nutrient pollution.

  • Sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems.

  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation.

  • Effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing to restore fish stocks.

  • Conserve coastal and marine areas.

  • Prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

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Life on Land

Land, which accounts for about 30% of the Earth's surface area, provides us with a place to live and a stable source of food. Forests, which cover about 30% of the land area, are home to more than 80% of the Earth's plants, animals, and insects, and protect biodiversity. They also play an important role in reducing climate change by absorbing and storing CO2. However, 13 million hectares of forests are lost every year to human development and natural disasters such as droughts, and approximately a quarter of the Earth's land area is now desertified or affected by desertification.

This goal sets targets to protect and restore forests and preserve the ecosystems that live there, while also restoring the land devastated by desertification and natural disasters.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems.

  • Promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests through afforestation and reforestation.

  • Restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods.

  • Ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems.

  • Reduce the degradation of natural habitats, prevent the extinction of threatened species, and halt the loss of biodiversity,

  • Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources.

  • End poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and illegal wildlife products.

  • Prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems.

  • Integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning.

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Peace and Justice for All

To promote a society where all people live in peace and no one is left behind, we must work to reduce violence, especially the abuse of children who are most vulnerable to violence, combat human trafficking, and sexual violence, and ensure that all people have access to justice. Providing legal identification, such as birth registrations, and developing transparent and public human rights institutions are also essential to ensure the fundamental human rights of individuals.

This goal sets targets to achieve a peaceful and sustainable society, reduce violence, and protect people and children from its effects while ensuring basic human rights for all.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

  • End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

  • Promote the rule of law and ensure equal access to justice for all.

  • Reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.

  • Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.

  • Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions.

  • Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

  • Provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.

  • Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms.

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Partnerships

Achieving the SDGs will require partnerships between governments and local governments, the private sector, and civil society. Moreover, governments of developed countries and their private companies and organizations supporting developing countries with financial, scientific and technological, trade and capacity development support will expedite the achievement of the SDGs on a global scale.

This goal sets targets to work towards in partnership, extending globally beyond national borders to national and local levels, in order to achieve a sustainable society.

Targets (Excerpts)

  • Improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection.

  • Implement fully official development assistance commitments for developing countries.

  • Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources.

  • Enhance knowledge-sharing with developing countries that leads to science and technology innovation.

  • Disseminate environmentally sound technologies to developing countries.

  • Enhance capacity-building in developing countries to implement all the sustainable development goals.

  • Promote non‑discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization.

  • Timely implement duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries.

  • Respect each country’s leadership for the implementation of policies towards the sustainable development goals.

  • Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development.

  • Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, in areas such as infrastructure construction.

  • Significantly increase the exports of developing countries.

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